How to read a military compass

How do you use a military compass sighting?

Put the map on a level surface such as the ground, and place the compass on top. Make sure that the sighting wire of the compass is perfectly parallel to any north/south lines on the map. Rotate the map and compass together until the needle and the map both point directly north.

What is military compass?

A lensatic compass is often referred to as a military compass , and is typically used by the U.S. Military . Lensatic compasses are made up of three parts: cover, base, and reading lens. The cover is used to protect the compass and also incorporates the sighting wire—which helps you determine direction.

What are the lines on a lensatic compass?

The “lensatic” means that the rear sight is provided with a lens that allows you to read the dial while your eye is close to the rear sight , as it should be. The lid of the compass opens up to provide a slot with a crosshair as the front sight . This “crosshair” is actually a sturdy metallic wire.

What compass do Army Rangers use?

the Garmin eTrex 20x. The Garmin is a great navigation tool and anyone backpacking in the wilderness wouldn’t get lost using this device. The Silva Ranger is a great compass , probably the best compass on the market today.

How does a compass work?

A compass works by detecting the Earth’s natural magnetic fields. This allows the needle to better react to nearby magnetic fields. Since opposites attract the southern pole of the needle is attracted to the Earth’s natural magnetic north pole. This is how navigators are able to discern north.

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How do you use an orienteering compass?

How to use a compass Align the edge of the compass with the starting and finishing point. Rotate the compass housing until the orienting arrow and lines point N on the map. Rotate the map and compass together until the red end of the compass needle points north.

What is a baseplate compass?

BASEPLATE COMPASSES The baseplate compass is a practical, simple to use, liquid filled compass that features a baseplate which is marked with a red arrow pointing along the long axis, and a rotating compass housing marked in degrees. Baseplate compasses are ideal for taking quick bearings and map use.

What is the best compass?

Here are the best compasses: Best overall: Suunto M-3 Leader compass. Best on a budget: Brunton TruArc 3 baseplate compass. Best mirrored: Suunto MC -2 mirrored compass. Best compact: Brunton Tag Along Zip compact compass. Best military-grade: Cammenga 3H tritium lensatic compass.

What is azimuth mean?

The azimuth is the angle between a celestial body (sun, moon) and the North, measured clockwise around the observer’s horizon. It determines the direction of the celestial body. For example, a celestial body due North has an azimuth of 0º, one due East 90º, one due South 180º and one due West 270º.

What is a bezel ring on a compass?

A bezel on a compass is a movable ring surrounding the compass capsule, usually marked in degrees (0-359) or compass points (ex: N, NE, E, SE, S, SW, W, NW). The compass is usually mounted on a base so that the compass and bezel can be rotated past some index mark.