Was Hiroshima and Nagasaki military bases?
Hiroshima was home to the Japanese Second Army HQ, but it was primarily a big city with a huge civilian population. About 10,000 of the total 200,000 deaths in Hiroshima were military personnel. Nagasaki had no military units and, of the total 140,000 deaths there, only about 150 were military .
Was Hiroshima a military target?
Targeting was finalized on July 25, 1945: Hiroshima , Kokura, Nilgata, Nagasaki. The attack order stipulated the U.S. Air Force would deliver the first bomb “after around August 3, 1945 on one of the targets ” as the weather permitted.
What military branch bombed Hiroshima?
the United States Army Air Forces
Why did President Truman want to target military bases and industrial cities when he wanted to drop the atomic bomb on Japan?
The world will note that the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a military base . That was because we wished in this first attack to avoid, insofar as possible, the killing of civilians. I urge Japanese civilians to leave industrial cities immediately, and save themselves from destruction.
How many died instantly at Nagasaki?
Why didn’t the US nuke Tokyo?
The U.S. likely did not target Tokyo for the atomic bomb strikes as it was the seat of the Emperor and the location of much of the high ranking military officers. Inclement weather kept the Bockscar from dropping the second atomic bomb on Kokura.
Is Hiroshima still radioactive?
Among some there is the unfounded fear that Hiroshima and Nagasaki are still radioactive ; in reality, this is not true. Following a nuclear explosion, there are two forms of residual radioactivity . In fact, nearly all the induced radioactivity decayed within a few days of the explosions.
Why was Hiroshima chosen?
Hiroshima was chosen because it had not been targeted during the US Air Force’s conventional bombing raids on Japan, and was therefore regarded as being a suitable place to test the effects of an atomic bomb. On the morning of 9 August, the Americans dropped a second, bigger atomic bomb.
Why did America attack Japan?
The Japanese attack had several major aims. First, it intended to destroy important American fleet units, thereby preventing the Pacific Fleet from interfering with Japanese conquest of the Dutch East Indies and Malaya and to enable Japan to conquer Southeast Asia without interference.
How many people died at Hiroshima?
What does Enola mean?
Alone Spelled Backwards
Why was Hiroshima not necessary?
Others have argued against the use of the bombs, with evidence such as: it was not needed , it was inhumane and it led to the modern atomic age and threat of nuclear war. Still others argue that perhaps the first bomb used against Hiroshima was justified but that the second used against Nagasaki was not .
Why didn’t we drop the bomb on Germany?
The only reason that the US did not use the atomic bomb against Germany was because the A- bomb was not ready when they officially surrendered. Germany surrendered to the allies on May 7, 1945. The first atomic bomb test didn’t happen until July 16, 1945, several weeks later.
What President authorized the dropping of atomic bomb?
Was the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan justified?
On Aug. 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, killing tens of thousands of people – many instantly, others from the effects of radiation. At the same time, only 29% of Japanese said the bombing was justified , while 64% thought it was unwarranted.