Was Hiroshima a military base?
Hiroshima was a city of considerable military importance. It contained the 2nd Army Headquarters, which commanded the defense of all of southern Japan. The city was a communications center, a storage point, and an assembly area for troops. The city as a whole was highly susceptible to fire damage.
Were Hiroshima and Nagasaki military bases?
Hiroshima was home to the Japanese Second Army HQ, but it was primarily a big city with a huge civilian population. About 10,000 of the total 200,000 deaths in Hiroshima were military personnel. Nagasaki had no military units and, of the total 140,000 deaths there, only about 150 were military .
Were there military targets in Hiroshima?
Targeting was finalized on July 25, 1945: Hiroshima , Kokura, Nilgata, Nagasaki. The attack order stipulated the U.S. Air Force would deliver the first bomb “after around August 3, 1945 on one of the targets ” as the weather permitted.
Why did US bomb Hiroshima and not Tokyo?
The U.S. likely did not target Tokyo for the atomic bomb strikes as it was the seat of the Emperor and the location of much of the high ranking military officers. The U.S. decided to drop the bombs onto military industrial targets and centers that had significant military utility such as ports and airfields.
Is Hiroshima still radioactive today?
Among some there is the unfounded fear that Hiroshima and Nagasaki are still radioactive ; in reality, this is not true. Following a nuclear explosion, there are two forms of residual radioactivity . In fact, nearly all the induced radioactivity decayed within a few days of the explosions.
Why was Hiroshima not necessary?
Others have argued against the use of the bombs, with evidence such as: it was not needed , it was inhumane and it led to the modern atomic age and threat of nuclear war. Still others argue that perhaps the first bomb used against Hiroshima was justified but that the second used against Nagasaki was not .
How many died instantly at Nagasaki?
Why did America attack Japan?
The Japanese attack had several major aims. First, it intended to destroy important American fleet units, thereby preventing the Pacific Fleet from interfering with Japanese conquest of the Dutch East Indies and Malaya and to enable Japan to conquer Southeast Asia without interference.
Why was Hiroshima chosen?
Hiroshima was chosen because it had not been targeted during the US Air Force’s conventional bombing raids on Japan, and was therefore regarded as being a suitable place to test the effects of an atomic bomb. On the morning of 9 August, the Americans dropped a second, bigger atomic bomb.
Was Hiroshima a war crime?
use of nuclear weapons in Hiroshima and Nagasaki was illegal in the light of the principles and rules of International Humanitarian Law applicable in armed conflicts, since the bombing of both cities, made civilians the object of attack, using nuclear weapons that were incapable of distinguishing between civilians and
How many people died at Hiroshima?
Which was worse Hiroshima or Nagasaki?
In some respects, Hiroshima looked worse than Nagasaki . The fire damage in Hiroshima was much more complete; the center of the city was hit and everything but the reinforced concrete buildings had virtually disappeared.
Was there a third atomic bomb ready to be dropped?
On August 13, 1945—four days after the bombing of Nagasaki—two military officials had a phone conversation about how many more bombs to detonate over Japan and when. According to the declassified conversation, there was a third bomb set to be dropped on August 19th.
Why wasn’t an atomic bomb dropped on Germany?
They were the only planes capable of carrying such large bombs . There were no B-29 planes in Europe which made the logistics of bombing Germany impossible. The defense offered by the Luftwaffe would also have made it very hard to get the bombers into position.
Did Japan surrender because of the atomic bomb?
Nuclear weapons shocked Japan into surrendering at the end of World War II—except they didn’t. Japan surrendered because the Soviet Union entered the war. Japanese leaders said the bomb forced them to surrender because it was less embarrassing to say they had been defeated by a miracle weapon .