In which ways did the liberation of Mexico and Brazil differ?
Mexico was liberated from Spanish control; Brazil was liberated from French control. B. Mexico’s liberation involved Creoles; Brazil’s liberation did not involve Creoles.
Which countries did San Martin liberate?
San Martín had liberated Chile and Argentina to the south, and Simón Bolívar and Antonio José de Sucre had freed Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela to the north, leaving only Peru and present-day Bolivia under Spanish rule.
Was Jose de San Martin a Creole?
San Martin was born in the upper part of the Rio de la Plata valley, in what is now Paraguay, on February 25, 1778. His father was Captain Juan de San Martin , a Spaniard of rank. His mother, however, was a creole , and the son, not being wholly of Spanish blood, was classed as a creole .
Why did San Martin leave the Spanish army?
Hearing of the revolt against Spain in his native Argentina, San Martín resigned from the Spanish army in 1812 and sailed for Buenos Aires to join the patriot forces.
What caused the Creoles in South America to rebel against Spain?
What caused the creoles in South America to rebel against Spain ? They resented the peninsulares’ power, they were inspired by the Enlightenment, the American Revolution made them want to do the same, and they felt no loyalty to the King of Spain .
How were romanticism and nationalism linked?
It describes the creation of the terms and their relation to each other, stating that romanticism helped to create nationalism . Romanticism , a movement in all of Europe, took the previous conventions and dismissed them, placing importance on emotion. However, in Germany, Romanticism had a nationalistic message as well.
Who liberated Argentina from Spain?
José de San Martín
How did San Martín earn his military reputation?
On 19 July 1808, Spanish and French forces engaged in the battle of Bailén, a Spanish victory that allowed the Army of Andalusia to attack and seize Madrid. For his actions during this battle, San Martín was awarded a gold medal, and his rank raised to lieutenant colonel.
Who liberated Argentina and Chile from Spain?
José de San Martín
Who defeated the Spanish army in Chile and Peru?
Depending on what terms are used to define its end, it lasted until 1821, when royalist forces were defeated by José de San Martín ; or until 1826, when the last Spanish troops surrendered and the Chiloé Archipelago was incorporated to the Chilean republic.
What were the causes and effects of the revolutions in Latin America?
Most of the events that led to the Latin American Revolution were begun because of the Spainish colonization and conquering of the Latin American people. Spain setting up colonies in the Americas . Creoles and Mestizos grow discontented with the Spanish rule. Enlightenment ideas spread to the Americas .
What impact did San Martin have on Latin American independence movements?
He made Chile completely free of Spanish troops by May 15, 1818, and began planning for an invasion of Peru. Within a year San Martín was able to occupy the capital, and on July 28, 1821, he proclaimed the independence of Peru from Spain. On August 3rd, he accepted the position of supreme protector of Peru.
Why did Argentina want independence from Spain?
Argentina , like other South American colonies, desired independence from Spain due to the economic exploitation that Spain had engaged in for
How Might San Martin military training become useful later?
His military training becomes useful because he isable to organize troops to win battle.In January 1817, San Martín led his army of Argentines and fugitives from Chile over the Andes and surprised theSpanish army in Chile.
Why did the Peruvian revolution happen?
Political unrest amped up after the crumbling of the Peruvian government structure, and after being effected by the collapse of monarchy within Spain, Peru’s mother country, in 1808.