How did the longbow contribute to english military dominance

What made the longbow so effective in battle?

Longbows were serious weapons, and their power was immense. Arrows could penetrate chain mail with relative ease, and frequently did , making plate armour more and more necessary. While medieval crossbows were also very powerful range weapons, longbows were cheaper, easier to make, and faster to shoot.

What is the significance of the longbow?

The longbow dominated medieval warfare. Medieval England not only saw the use of longbows in battle but of several types of bows – the short bow, the composite bow and the long bow. In the Hundred Years War, the long bow was used by the English to a devastating effect. The long bow was also effective in naval battles.

Why did England use longbows?

The English had the advantage of the longbow superiority which came from the material used to create it. Longbows were cut from one piece of wood. They made good longbows . Its outer wide wood was soft and could withstand a lot of tension.

What were English longbows made of?

The English longbow , made of wood from the English yew tree (Taxus baccata), became famous in legend and history for the victories it won over the French at the battles of Crécy, Poitiers, and Agincourt during the Hundred Years’ War.

How far can a longbow shoot accurately?

Modern longbows have a useful range up to 180 m (200 yd ). A 667 N (150 lbf) Mary Rose replica longbow was able to shoot a 53.6 g (1.9 oz) arrow 328 m (360 yd ) and a 95.9 g (3.3 oz) a distance of 249.9 m (272 yd ). A flight arrow of a professional archer of Edward III’s time would reach 400 yds .

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How accurate is a longbow?

Archers would be trained to shoot at groups of enemy and not individuals, at least not at any great range. The English/Welsh Longbow of the early 15th century, had a range of up to 350 yds or so, but it was only considered effective at up to around 200 yds. This doesn’t take into account armour worn by the enemy.

What is the best wood for a longbow?

Yew

What was the advantage of the longbow and gunpowder weapons?

The advantage of the longbow and gunpowder weapons is that the longbow was able to shoot arrows that was able to pierce through a knight’s armor. Gunpowder weapons were able to defeat the knights successfully.

Why did the longbow fall out of use?

One famous example of their potent killing potential was the Battle of Agincourt. The longbow , amongst other bows, were clearly highly versatile and potent in battle but they soon became obsolete. Within 200 years or thereabouts, after Agincourt, the bow had fallen out of military use .

How many arrows were fired at Agincourt?

At the battle of Agincourt in 1415, 1,000 arrows were fired every second. After the battle, observers wrote that the white feathers from the flights were so thick on the ground, it looked like snow.

Can a longbow pierce armor?

Well, first of all a real longbow can penetrate steel armor , as long as the arrowhead is made of forged, hardened steel. In the right hands they were incredibly powerful and the arrows could penetrate armor . Also, crossbow bolts can penetrate armor .

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What arrows to use with a longbow?

ARROW MATERIALS Aluminium or wooden arrows are first choice for longbows . Carbon and carbon/aluminium are generally too stiff and are designed for bows cut to centre-shot or very close to it, as well as being rather expensive for the mortality rate of arrows shot from a longbow !

How many arrows can a Longbow fire in a minute?

These experts believe that the longbow drew anywhere from 80 to 110 pounds of pressure. However, these powerful weapons were effective as far as 180 to 200 yards. The longbow was considered a formidable weapon when used correctly. A skilled archer could shoot six to ten arrows in a minute with accuracy.

Who invented Longbow?

The longbow was invented by the Celts in Wales around 1180 C.E. but was not really used by the English military until the 1300s. The longbow is an incredibly strong piece of wood roughly 6 feet tall and 5/8 inch wide. The wood would be preferably yew, which was hardened and cured for 4 years for best results.

How heavy is a longbow?

Although the draw weight of a typical English longbow is disputed, it was at least 360 newtons (81 pounds-force) and possibly more than 600 N (130 lbf). Considerable practice was required to produce the swift and effective combat shooting required.