What is a security clearance in the military

What does it mean to have a security clearance?

A security clearance allows an individual filling a specific position to have access to classified national security information up to and including the level of clearance that they hold as long as the individual has a “need to know” the information and signed a non-disclosure agreement.

Do you need a security clearance for military?

For military personnel, two things determine the level of security clearance required : your job and your assignment. In other cases, the job itself may not require a security clearance , but the particular location or unit that the person is assigned to would require giving access to classified information and material.

What security clearance do you get in the military?

The Federal Government gives selected personnel or companies a security clearance as a means of determining their eligibility for access to classified information or facilities. There are three levels of personnel clearance : Confidential, Secret , and Top Secret .

What can make you fail a security clearance?

You may be denied security clearance for any number of reasons , including drug involvement, financial debt or affluence (being overly acquisitive), gambling addiction, undue foreign influence, reckless sexual behavior, technology misuse, or other behavior the government deems as a risk to national security .

Do security clearances check Internet history?

Your Browser History is Not a Factor for Your Security Clearance . Policy has been updated to include the option of searching public-facing social media sites as a part of the security clearance investigation process, but it’s worth noting that the government is not currently doing that.

How far back does a secret clearance go?

The clearance process for Secret level access uses an investigation called the National Agency Check with Law and Credit that goes back five years, while the clearance process for Top Secret uses a Single Scope Background Investigation that goes back ten years.

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What shows up on a military background check?

These checks include a criminal background investigation , which checks records with local law enforcement agencies in the areas where a candidate has lived, worked, or attended school in the past decade. Security clearance background checks also include an extensive interview segment.

Who pays security clearances?

Clearances are issued by the government, and paid for by the government. While the majority of background investigations are conducted by the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency (DCSA), agencies are responsible for reimbursing the government for the investigation costs.

What disqualifies you from top secret clearance?

Areas Of Concern For Security Clearances Allegiance to the United States. Foreign Influence. Foreign Preference. Sexual Behavior. Personal Conduct. Financial Considerations. Alcohol Consumption. Drug Involvement.

Do they pull medical records for a security clearance?

The employer does not have access to the medical /financial records or investigation details, only the agency doing the actual investigation. HOWEVER a security clearance investigation can access your medical records with your permission. (If you don’t grant permission the investigation ends and you’re not cleared.)

How much does a security clearance cost?

The average cost to process a SECRET clearance can run from several hundred dollars to $3,000 , depending upon individual factors. The average cost to process a TOP SECRET clearance is between $3,000 and about $15,000, depending upon individual factors.

Can family members affect security clearance?

Under certain circumstances, an applicant’s spouse or cohabitant may be subject to a security check. If you are processed for a Top Secret level clearance , a national agency check will be run on your husband or wife; however, this check would be conducted with their permission.

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Will my credit affect my security clearance?

Imperfect financial circumstances, such as bad credit scores, can have a negative influence on your application and potentially cause your security clearance to be denied. However, the dollar amount associated with your financial troubles is usually less important than the reasons behind your financial situation.

What percentage of security clearances are denied?

The National Security Agency denied the most applicants– 9.2 percent . The National Reconnaissance Office and the Central Intelligence Agency had the next greatest number of denials, at 7.4 percent and 6.5 percent, respectively.

What is involved in a security clearance check?

The BPSS involves verification of identity; nationality and immigration status; employment history and criminal record declaration. If a BPSS is being carried out as part of the groundwork for national security vetting , a full check of criminal records will be made.